International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1308-9501

Volume 14 Issue 3 (September 2023)

Issue Information

Issue Information

Tatyana Mikhailova

pp. i - vi   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijer.2023.595



Original Articles

The Intersection of Burnout and Identity in Novice Private School English Teachers

Gökçe Nur Türkmen

pp. 1 - 13   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijer.2023.595.1


Novice English language educators at private schools confront a variety of issues in constructing their identities and coping with burnout, both of which can have an impact on their teaching methods and professional growth.  Teaching is a very demanding profession, and it is common for instructors to experience severe stress, culture shock and burnout, especially in their early years. The purpose of this research is to investigate the causes of burnout among novice English language instructors in private schools, as well as how they negotiate and manage their teacher identity in the face of burnout. Semi-structured interviews and reflective diaries will be used as primary data collection methods in a qualitative research design based on interpretive phenomenological analysis. This study includes a sample of beginner English language instructors with fewer than three years of experience teaching in private schools. The collected data will be thematically examined to find patterns, themes, and meanings connected to burnout and teacher identity. The findings will add to the current literature on novice teacher burnout and teacher identity, as well as strategies for supporting and retaining novice English language instructors in private schools.

Keywords: burnout, teacher identity, private school, novice English teachers

Determination of Obesity Awareness Levels of Secondary School Students and Suggestions for Solutions: The Case of Çanakkale

Salih Yakut & Neda Şayan

pp. 14 - 27   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijer.2023.595.2


The purpose of this study is to determine the obesity awareness level of secondary school students. The study was conducted through quantitative research methods. The data were collected by applying the Obesity Awareness Scale to 506 students studying in public and private secondary schools in Çanakkale/Turkiye. The data were analysed by using frequency, t-test and ANOVA Test results. According to the results of the study, the obesity awareness level of secondary school students was “good”. The item “it is important to be at a normal weight to be a healthy person” was determined as the highest average, and the item “Reviews of magazines, movies and TV play an important role in obesity” was determined as the lowest average. There was a significant gender difference in favour of female students in the obesity awareness level of secondary school students in the overall scale, in the obesity awareness sub-dimension and in the physical activity awareness sub-dimensions. There was not significant difference by school type, grade level and having an athlete license. The average of the body mass index of secondary school students was determined as “normal” according to the criteria of the World Health Organization. In addition, it was determined that male students had a higher weight average than female students.

Keywords: Healthy life, obesity awareness, nutrition, secondary school students

The Mediating Role of Irrational Beliefs in the Relationship Between Social Cognition and Friendship Relationships

Ayşe Batık Yılmaz & Sevgi Özgüngör

pp. 28 - 42   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijer.2023.595.3


The aim of this study is to examine the mediating role of irrational beliefs in the relationship between social cognition and friendship relationships in adolescents.  The sample is 791 (504 female, 287 male) high school students who volunteered for participation. The data were obtained through the Tromso Social Intelligence Scale (TSIS), Peer Relations Scale (PRS), the Shortened General Attitude and Belief Scale (SGABS) and the Personal Information Form. SPSS Process Macro 3.5, developed by Hayes to test the mediating role of irrational beliefs between social cognition and friendship relations has been used. According to the results, social cognition has both direct and indirect relationships with friendship relationships through other downing and demand for fairness subcomponents of irrational beliefs. The findings were discussed considering the relevant literature and theoretical framework, and suggestions were provided for practitioners and researchers.

Keywords: Social cognition, irrational beliefs, friendship relationships

Development of the Scientific Literacy Scale: A Study of Validity and Reliability

Ceren Mutluer

pp. 43 - 56   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijer.2023.595.4


In this study, it was aimed to develop a scale that measures the concept of scientific literacy, which is often emphasized as one of the 21st century skills. Literature was reviewed and qualitative data were collected, and 48 items were initially created in the item pool. Data were collected from 976 university students for the study. When testing the validity of the scope, 2 items were removed. Construct validity was first examined by EFA. After exploratory factor analysis (EFA), 2 items were removed. AVE and CR values were calculated for convergent and divergent validity. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed to test construct validity. In this process, 3 items were removed. Reliability analysis was performed with 41 items. In the process of collecting data for the measurement tool, it was expected for measurement invariance to prove whether the measured feature for men and women changed and whether it proved the validity of the structure. While formal and metric invariance did not change according to gender variable, scalar invariance could not be achieved.

Keywords: The scientific literacy scale, scale development, validity and reliability.

Systematic Review of Graduate Theses on E-Government

Tuğba Kocadağ Ünver & Sami Sahin

pp. 57 - 88   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijer.2023.595.5


In this research, the aim was to systematically review the postgraduate theses completed in the last five years on e-government. For this purpose, the theses made between 2014-2019 were scanned with the keywords e-government, e-government and e-government in the Higher Education Council (YÖK) Thesis Centre and 155 theses were found. As a result of the permission/unauthorized status of these theses, the ones that could not be reached directly were tried to be reached through the author or his/her advisor, and 94 of them were included in the scope of the research by evaluating their suitability for the research purpose. Thesis publication year, publication type, publication language, university, institute, and branch of science, keywords, target audience that will benefit or be affected by the research result, sample demographics, expression of research objectives, research method, number of samples and sampling method, data collection and analysis method, data collection tools, researched variables, limitations, future research proposals, recommendations for policymakers and those in the field of application, theoretical ties and findings related to e-government were evaluated. It is seen that many of the studies on e-Government are master's theses, published in Turkish as the language of publication, published in 2014 as the year, completed in Gazi University from the point of view of the university, and carried out in the Institute of Social Sciences and the Department of Business Administration. In the examined theses, it is seen that there are theses that do not specify keywords, and when examined in terms of the number of keywords, at least 2 and at most 10 keywords are specified. Examining the studies on e-Government in terms of identified research problems, it is important in terms of contributing to the literature, stating the similarities and differences in previous studies, and guiding future research.

Keywords: Current trends in e-government research, systematic review in e-government research, evaluation of postgraduate studies.

An Assessment of Principals' Cultural Intelligence, Leadership Efficacy, and Preparedness

Loietta N Holmes & Warren Hope

pp. 89 - 103   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijer.2023.595.6


Today’s principals must consider equity, diversity, and inclusion as they are elements that foster safe schools and improve students’ academic achievement. Principal preparation programs have been slow to respond to the realities of increased racial, ethnic, and culturally diverse schools nationwide. Research reveals that a cultural gap exists in schools throughout the United States and most administrators and teachers lack experience and training in leading and teaching students of color. To effectively address the learning needs of all students, school leaders must understand the histories and experiences of culturally, ethnically, linguistically, and racially diverse students. This research aimed to determine if there is a relationship among principals’ cultural intelligence, leadership efficacy, and preparedness to implement culturally responsive school leadership. Twenty-four secondary school leaders were selected to participate in this study. Two instruments, the Expanded Cultural Intelligence Scale and the Leader Efficacy Questionnaire and interviews were utilized for data collection. Four hypotheses, null and alternative were tested, and one research question was formulated for principals’ responses. Data analysis revealed no significant relationship among cultural intelligence, leadership efficacy, and preparedness of the participants. However, there was a meaningful relationship among the four constructs of Cultural Intelligence.

Keywords: cultural intelligence, leader efficacy, culturally responsive school leadership, diversity

Assessment in Second Language Teaching in Türkiye: A Review of Theses from 2018-2023

Yunus Emre Kahveci

pp. 104 - 119   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijer.2023.595.7


This study presents a review that encompasses and summarizes all master's theses and doctoral dissertations related to the second language assessment published in the National Dissertation and Thesis Database of the Council of Higher Education (CoHE) between the years 2018 and 2023. A total of 96 master's theses and doctoral dissertations were included in the analysis. The study displays several numerical data and subsequent interpretations regarding the distribution of studies across years, sub-topics, research designs, sampling methods, and the conclusions drawn. The primary objective of this study is to share a review of current postgraduate research into second language assessment in Türkiye and serve as a reference for further studies in the field. The significance of the study emerges from the fact that this study contains the most up-to-date data in the field of second language assessment. Additionally, the limitations in the form of understudied sub-topics, research designs, sampling methods, etc. which may present new opportunities for researchers, are also identified, and discussed.

Keywords: Assessment, evaluation, testing, assessment in language education, second language assessment, foreign language assessment