International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1308-9501

Original article | International Journal of Educational Researchers 2018, Vol. 9(3) 32-50

Experimental Behavior of Bituminous Mixes with Waste Concrete Aggregate

M.R. Hossain, A.A. Khatun, M.F. Ahmed, M.O.Faroque & M.A. Sobahan

pp. 32 - 50   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1807-02-0001

Published online: October 13, 2018  |   Number of Views: 126  |  Number of Download: 707


Abstract

Waste concrete aggregates (WCA) are produced by crushing demolished concrete elements. WCA differ from fresh aggregates due to the cement paste attached to the surface of the original aggregates after the process of recycling. The highly porous cement paste and other contaminations contribute to the lower particle density and higher porosity, variation in the quality of the WCA and the higher water absorption. This paper presents some of the results of an investigation on the possible application of WCA in bituminous pavement. The laboratory investigation was divided into three distinct phases. At first all the physical properties of material such as coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, filler and bitumen were determined. The second phase consists of preparation of Marshall test specimens. The third and last phase consists of testing of specimens to obtain Marshall test properties. At first three specimens were prepared with bitumen content 5% for black stone (Type A), 5.5% for white stone (Type B), and 6.5%for WCA from black stone (Type C) and 7% for WCA from white stone (Type D). Five bitumen contents were used with increment of 0.5% for type A, B, C and D. Then the specimens were tested and Marshall stability were obtained 88.7kN, 10.5kN, 10.1kN and 9.2kN at optimum bitumen content 6.2%, 63.7%, 8.1% and 8.3% for mix type A, B, C, and D respectively. Amount bitumen per cubic meter of mix are 154 kg, 153.4 kg, 188 kg, 175.8 kg for mix type A, B, C and D respectively. Marshall test properties of mixes with WCA are satisfactory but required bitumen are 1.08, 1.31,1.34 times more for mix type B, C, and D than that of time A. Aggregates types C and D are acceptable from the consideration of strength properties. The investigated results indicate that the bituminous macadam base course with WCA from white stone give satisfactory results when they are constructed using dense grading, good compaction for medium traffic road.

Keywords: Aggregates, Marshall Test, Bitumen, Waste concrete aggregate (WCA)


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Hossain, M., Khatun, A., Ahmed, M., M.O.Faroque, & Sobahan, M. (2018). Experimental Behavior of Bituminous Mixes with Waste Concrete Aggregate. International Journal of Educational Researchers, 9(3), 32-50.

Harvard
Hossain, M., Khatun, A., Ahmed, M., M.O.Faroque, and Sobahan, M. (2018). Experimental Behavior of Bituminous Mixes with Waste Concrete Aggregate. International Journal of Educational Researchers, 9(3), pp. 32-50.

Chicago 16th edition
Hossain, M.R., A.A. Khatun, M.F. Ahmed, M.O.Faroque and M.A. Sobahan (2018). "Experimental Behavior of Bituminous Mixes with Waste Concrete Aggregate". International Journal of Educational Researchers 9 (3):32-50.

References

    [1] Al-Khatib, R.; Khattab. A; Taha. S, (1999), “Recycling of Construction and Demolition Waste”, Unpublished Final Gradation Project, Civil Engineering Department, The Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza, Palestine.

    [2] Chan, C., (2004), “The Use of Recycled Aggregates in Concrete.”

    [3] Ruhi, (2004), “The Influence of Recycled Aggregate on The Compressive Strength and The Elastic Modulus of Concrete.”

    [4] Aziz, M. A. (1995), “A Textbook of Engineering Materials”, New Elephant Road, Dhaka.

    [5] TRRI, (1974), “Soil Mechanics for Road Engineers”, London, U.K.

    [6] Rangwala, S. C., (2000), “Engineering Materials”, Charotar Publishing House, India.

    [7] Kadiyali, L.R., (1998), “Principles and Practice of Highway Engineering”, Khanna publisher, Delhi, India.

    [8] Wright, P.H., (1996), “Highway Engineering”. John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA.