International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1308-9501

Original article | International Journal of Educational Researchers 2010, Vol. 1(3) 31-42

The Effects of Cultural Values on the Quality of Mentoring Relationship

Soheyda Gokturk & Hasan Arslan

pp. 31 - 42   |  Manu. Number: ijers.2010.010

Published online: December 01, 2010  |   Number of Views: 145  |  Number of Download: 687


The literature highlights the effects of parties’gender on the satisfaction of mentoring relationship. However, little is known whether or not cultural values associated with sex roles would affect protege’s preference of mentors’gender, and their satisfaction from the mentoring process. To fill this gap, the researchers examined the amount of variance explained by cultural values related to sex roles on these aforementioned variables. The analysis of 155 student teachers of a large size metropolitan university in Turkey yielded that student teacher proteges with masculine value orientations had a tendency to prefer male rather than female teacher mentor. In addition, protege’s perceived level of satisfaction from the mentoring was significantly predicted by the protege’s level of masculine value orientation. Implications were made regarding current protege-mentor pairing practice in teacher education programs in Turkey.

Keywords: Mentoring, teacher education, protege -mentor pairing, masculine value orientation.

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Gokturk, S. & Arslan, H. (2010). The Effects of Cultural Values on the Quality of Mentoring Relationship. International Journal of Educational Researchers, 1(3), 31-42.

Gokturk, S. and Arslan, H. (2010). The Effects of Cultural Values on the Quality of Mentoring Relationship. International Journal of Educational Researchers, 1(3), pp. 31-42.

Chicago 16th edition
Gokturk, Soheyda and Hasan Arslan (2010). "The Effects of Cultural Values on the Quality of Mentoring Relationship". International Journal of Educational Researchers 1 (3):31-42.

  1. Blake, S.D. (1995). At the crossroads of race and gender: Lessons from the mentoring experiences of professional Black women. Paper presented at the National Academy of Management meeting. Canada: Vancuver, British Columbia. [Google Scholar]
  2. Bochner, S., & Hesketh, B. 1994. Power distance, individualism/collectivism, and job-related attitudes in a culturally diverse work group. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 25 (2): 233-257. [Google Scholar]
  3. Bontempo, R., Lobel, S., & Triandis, H. 1990. Compliance and value internalization in Brazil and the U.S. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 21 (2): 200-213. [Google Scholar]
  4. Brimfield, R. and Leonard, R. (1983). The student teaching experince: A time to consolidate one's perceptions. College Student Journal, 17, 401-406. [Google Scholar]
  5. Burke, R.J. & McKeen, C.A.1995), Mentoring in the professions-- sex differences; gender identity; women--employment-- psychology aspects; women-- psychology. Journal of Social Behavior & Personality, 11 (5), 91-105. [Google Scholar]
  6. Chao, G. T. (1997). Mentoring phases and outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 51, 15-28. [Google Scholar]
  7. Conant, J.B. (1963). The education of American teachers. New York: McGraw-Hill. [Google Scholar]
  8. Dorfman, P. W., & Howell, J. P. 1988. Dimensions of national culture and effective leadership patterns: Hofstede [Google Scholar]
  9. Earley, P. C. 1994. Self or group? Cultural effects of training on self-efficacy and performance. Administrative Science Quarterly, 39: 89-117. [Google Scholar]
  10. Ensher, E. A., & Murphy, S. E. (1997). Effects of race, gender, perceived similarity, mentor relationships. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 50, 460-481. [Google Scholar]
  11. Ensher, E. and Murphy, S.E. (1997). Effects of race, gender, perceived similarity, and contact on mentor relationships. Journal of Vocational Behavior. [Google Scholar]
  12. Enz, B.J. (1992). Guidelines for selecting mentors and creating an environment for mentoring. In T.Bey & C.Holmes (Eds.), Mentoring: Contemporary principles and issues (p.77). Reston, VA: Association of Teacher Educators. [Google Scholar]
  13. Frierson, H.T., Hargrova, B.K., Lewis, N.R. (1994). Black summer students' perceptions related to research mentors race and gender. Journal of College Student Development, 35, 475-480. [Google Scholar]
  14. Furano, K., Roaf, P.A., Styles, M.B. and Branch, A.Y. (1993). Big Brothers/Sisters: A study of program practices. Philadelphia,P.A.: Public/Private Ventures. [Google Scholar]
  15. Garcia, M. (1992). Mentoring the new graduate at Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Proceedings of the Diversity in Mentoring Conference(162-171). Chicago, IL: Western Michigan University. [Google Scholar]
  16. Gehrke, N.J. (1988). Preserving the essence of mentoring as one form of teacher professional development: A study of two mentoring relationships. Journal of Teacher Education, 39(1), 43-45. [Google Scholar]
  17. Giebelhaus, C. R. (1999). Leading the way... State initiatives and mentoring. Mid-Western Educational Researcher, 12(4), 10-13. [Google Scholar]
  18. Golub, S. and Canty, M. (1982). Sex -Role expectations and the assumption of leadership by college women. The Journal of Social Psychology, 116, 83-90. [Google Scholar]
  19. Heilman, M.E. (1984). Information as a deterrent against sex discrimination: Effects of applicant sex and information type of preliminary employment decisions. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 33, 1174-86. [Google Scholar]
  20. Henning, M. and Jardim, A. (1978). The Managerial Woman, Marion Boyars, London. [Google Scholar]
  21. Hofstede, G., (1994) Business Cultures, UNESCO Courier, 47(4), 5-12. [Google Scholar]
  22. Hofstede, G., 1980. Culture's consequences: international differences in work-related values. , Sage, Beverly Hills, CA. [Google Scholar]
  23. Hofstede, G., 1986. Cultural differences in teaching and learning. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 10, pp. 301-320. [Google Scholar]
  24. Hofstede, G., 1991. Cultures and organizations: software of the mind. , McGraw-Hill, London. [Google Scholar]
  25. Hofstede, G., 1998. Masculinity/femininity as a dimension of culture. In: Hofstede, G. et al., 1998. Masculinity and femininity: the taboo dimension of national cultures, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA. [Google Scholar]
  26. Hofstede, G., 2000. Masculine and feminine cultures. In: Kazdin, A.E., Editor, , 2000. Encyclopedia of psychology, vol. 5, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC. [Google Scholar]
  27. Hofstede, G., 2001. Culture's consequences: comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations (2nd ed.). Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA. [Google Scholar]
  28. Hui, C. H., & Villareal, M. J. (1989). Individualism-collectivism and psychological needs. Journal of Cross-CulturalPsychology, 20 (3), 310-323. [Google Scholar]
  29. Kram, K. E. (1985). Mentoring at work. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman. [Google Scholar]
  30. Kram, K.E. (1983?). Phases of the mentor relationship. Academy of Management Journal, 26, 608¬625. [Google Scholar]
  31. Lillian, T., Eby, T., L., McManus, E, S., Simon, A., S., & Russell, A., J. (2000). The Protege’s Perspective Regarding Negative Mentoring Experiences: The development of a Taxonomy. Journal of Vocational Behavior 57, 1-21. [Google Scholar]
  32. Moorman, R. H., & Blakely, G. L. 1995. Individualism-collectivism as an individual difference predictor of organizational citizenship behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16, 127¬142. [Google Scholar]
  33. Morton,D. and Gordon, J. (1992). Mentoring as a socialization strategy for new employees. Proceedings of the Diversity in Mentoring Conference (pp.262-271). Chicago, IL: Western Michigan University [Google Scholar]
  34. Noe, R.A. (1988). Women and mentoring: a review and research agenda. Academy of Management Review, 13,65-78. [Google Scholar]
  35. Noe, R.A., (1989). An investigation of the determinants of successful assigned mentoring relationships. Personnel Psychology, 41, 457-479. [Google Scholar]
  36. Ragins, B. R., & Sundstrom, E. (1989). Gender and power in organizations: A longitudinal perspec¬tive. Psychological Bulletin, 105, 51-88. [Google Scholar]
  37. Ragins, B.R., (1991). Bariers to mentoring: The female managers' dilemma. Human Relations, 42, 1¬22. revisited. Advances in International ComparativeManagement, 3: 127-150. [Google Scholar]
  38. Roche, G. R. (1979). Much ado about mentors. HarvardBusiness Review, 59, 1418. [Google Scholar]
  39. Silberman, C.E., (1970). Crisis in the classrom. New York: Random House. [Google Scholar]
  40. Turban, D.B. and Jones, A.P.(1988). Supervisor-subordinate similarity: Types, effects, and mechanisms. Journal of Applied Psychology, 37, 228-234. [Google Scholar]
  41. Vertz, L.L., (1985). Women occupational advacement, and mentoring: an analysis of one public organization. Public Administration Review, 45, 415-23. [Google Scholar]
  42. Wagner, J. A.1995. Studies of individualism-collectivism-effects on cooperation in groups. Academy of Management Journal, 38 (1): 152-172. [Google Scholar]
  43. Wang, J. (2001). Contexts of mentoring and opportunities for learning to teach: a comparative study of mentoring practice.Teaching and Teacher Education. 17, 51-73.  [Google Scholar]